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8.3.1924 Born in New Malden, Surrey (UK) Anthony Caro studied engineering before enrolling at the Royal College of Art in London from 1946 through 1952. He then served as an assistant to Henry Moore for two years before teaching at St. Martins School. He met sculptor David Smith and Robert Motherwell on a trip to New York in 1959, after which he abandoned figurative sculpture in favor of abstract composition. From 1963 -1965, Caro taught at Bennington College in Vermont where he was associated with fellow instructors the painters Jules Olitski, Helen Frankenthaler and Kenneth Noland. In 1960, Caro made his first abstract sculpture in steel, followed in 1961 with the first painted or polychrome sculpture. Under the influence of David Smith, Caro used the non-traditional technique of welding found or prefabricated steel elements into a formal structural vocabulary. Caro placed his painted steel works directly on the floor, eschewing the base. This opened up a wide range of expressive possibilities most important of which is the immediacy of the viewer´s response. Besides the large, complex abstract works, Caro has also made small tabletop sculptures, large towers and religious figures. 2005 A Selection of Modern British, European and American Paintings Crane Kalman Gallery, London (England) The Last Judgement Sculpture by Anthony Caro 1995-99 Kunsthalle Würth, Schwäbisch Hall Anthony Caro IVAM - Institut Valencià d'Art Modern, Valencia Anthony Caro Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris Anthony Caro Tate Britain, London (England) Anthony Caro - Painted Sculpture Mitchell-Innes & Nash - Madison Av., New York, NY 2004 Art & the 60's: This was Tomorrow Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery, Birmingham (England) Art and the 60s - This was Tomorrow Tate Britain, London (England) Caro in Focus - Skulpturen von Anthony Caro 1942 - 2003 Kunsthalle Würth, Schwäbisch Hall Turning Points - 20th Century British Sculpture Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran 2003 Happiness - A Survival Guide for Art and Life Mori Art Museum, Tokyo Anthony Caro - The Barbarians, Europa & The Bull and Paper Book Sculpture Annely Juda Fine Art, London (England) 2002 thinking big: concepts for twenty-first century british sculpture Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice Color Field: Spotlight on the Collection of the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston MFAH - Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX Anthony Caro Altair, Palma de Mallorca 2000 El Juicio Final de Anthony Caro Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao, Bilbao 1999 '45-'99 Kettle's Yard, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire (England) Britisch Sculpture Galerie Elisabeth & Klaus Thoman, Innsbruck 48th Venice Biennale La Biennale di Venezia, Venice Representing galleries 12 Germany Frank Pages Art Galerie, Baden-Baden Anselm Dreher, Berlin Korea (Republic) KUKJE GALLERY, Seoul Spain Boza Editor, Barcelona Galeria Metta, Madrid Altair, Palma de Mallorca Switzerland Galerie Renée Ziegler, Zurich United Kingdom Grosvenor Gallery, London (England) Annely Juda Fine Art, London (England) USA Richard Gray Gallery, Chicago, IL Acquavella Galleries, Inc., New York, NY Art of this Century, New York, NY Public collections 14 Germany DaimlerChrysler Contemporary, Berlin Sprengel Museum Hannover, Hannover Italy Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice Spain Fundación Joan Miró, Barcelona CGAC - Centro Galego de Arte Contemporánea, Santiago de Compostela United Kingdom Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery, Birmingham (England) Leeds City Art Gallery, Leeds (England) Tate Liverpool, Liverpool (England) Royal Academy of Arts, London (England) USA Birmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham, MI MFA - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, MA The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH MOCA GRAND AVENUE, Los Angeles, CA Storm King Art Center, Mountainville, NY