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1957 Born in Qazvin (IR) Lives and works in New York. Shirin Neshat is an artist who both in her life and her work reflects the global transformations that took place in the last decades of the 20th century. Never before has the number of inter-cultural art-ists employing their works to embark on a dialogue on sex, race, nationality, ethnicity, religion and language, been so great. With her photographs, films and video installations, Shirin Neshat has been able to place herself in the foremost rank, and today she belongs to the absolute elite on the interna-tional artistic stage. Shirin Neshat was born in 1957 in the old cultural centre of Qazvin a good 100 kilometres north-west of the Iranian capital of Teheran. It is a town of classical, Islamic architecture close to the Silk Road - the trade route that formerly linked China with Europe. The Neshat family, in which the father was a doctor, supported the Shah of Iran, Reza Pahlavi, in his efforts to modernise and westernise Iran. They were sufficiently affluent and receptive to the idea of sending the family´s five children to the West to be educated. At the age of 17, Shirin Neshat was sent for a period of study in the USA. Her goal was the University of Berkeley near San Francisco, where she took an MFA in painting in 1983. Ayatolla Khomeini´s Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979, which deprived the Shah of power and in-troduced a theocratic government by clerics, prevented Shirin Neshat from returning home. During the 1980s she moved to New York and according to her own account quickly dropped painting. Her status as an Iranian exile in the USA was at that time filled with conflict and allowed no room for creativity or artistic activity. So she took on the directorship of the alternative, non-profit-making "Storefront for Art and Architecture" gallery in SoHo, New York, which was owned by her then husband, the Korean-born architect and concept artist Kyong Park. Not until 1990 - after the death of Khomeini - was Neshat again able to visit Iran. And it was a shocking and merciless experience. In the 1970s she had left a secular, relatively westernised soci-ety. But a decade of political, social, religious and cultural change had left a closed land with a war-torn, divided population, and with women in an increasingly marginalised position. The public arena now belonged to the men and the clerics, while the women´s world had largely been limited to the private sphere - the home. When women moved outside the walls of their home it was an indis-pensable requirement that they should be dressed in the traditional Iranian chador - the black dress that only leaves the face, hands and feet visible. During the following years, Neshat returned to Iran on several occasions, and in 1993 - after a break of almost ten years - she again felt ready to work as an active creative artist. This time, however, she did not turn to painting, but to the media with which she has subsequently made her worldwide reputation, that is to say photography and later film. The physical and mental distance from her na-tive land has exerted a great influence on her potential for placing a thematic focus on conflict-filled, complex subjects such as feminism, identity and Islam. Iran´s historically speaking enor-mously rich Islamic culture has formed the basis of Neshat´s work, but her many years in the West have also left their traces. (in extracts from Mona Jensen, curator at Aarhus Kunstmuseum, www.aarhuskunstmuseum.dk) 2005 Shirin Neshat Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW Shirin Neshat - Possessed Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich Orientalismi - Forms of Orientalism Studio La Città, Verona Shirin Neshat Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, NY War is over - 1945 - 2005 la libertá dellarte da Picasso a Warhol a Cattelan Accademia Carrara, Bergamo Shirin Neshat Annet Gelink Gallery, Amsterdam Shirin Neshat Hamburger Bahnhof, Museum für Gegenwart, Berlin Shirin Neshat - The Last Word Musac - Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Castilla y León, Léon Musac - Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Castilla y León, Léon Sammlung 2005 - Neupräsentation der erweiterten Sammlung K21 KUNSTSAMMLUNG NORDRHEIN-WESTFALEN - im Ständehaus, Duesseldorf Translation Palais de Tokyo, Paris 2004 Premieres MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY Paulas Home Lentos Kunstmuseum Linz, Linz In Focus - Themes in Photography Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY Non Toccare la Donna Bianca Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo, Turin Shirin Neshat Auckland Art Gallery, Auckland Shirin Neshat Museum het Domein, Sittard Transcultures NATIONAL MUSEUM OF CONTEMPORARY ART - EMST, Athens monument to now Deste Foundation, Centre for Contemporary Art, Athens Love / Hate. From Magritte to Cattelan. Villa Manin. Centro darte contemporanea, Passariano (UD) Support - Die Neue Galerie als Sammlung - 1950 - Heute Neue Galerie Graz am Landesmuseum Joanneum, Graz Entfernte Nähe - Neue Positionen Iranischer Künstler Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin Die Neue Kunsthalle III - materiell-Immateriell Städtische Kunsthalle Mannheim, Mannheim The Amazing & The Immutable University of South Florida Contemporary Art Museum, Tampa, FL 2003 How We Live Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane, QLD Sandretto Re Rebaudengo Collection IVAM - Institut Valencià dArt Modern, Valencia Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo collection Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo, Turin Strangers: the first ICP triennial of photography and video International Center of Photography, New York, NY Female Turbulence AEROPLASTICS contemporary, Brussels Höhepunkte der Photographie Lentos Kunstmuseum Linz, Linz Nancy Spero and Shirin Neshat Galeria Filomena Soares, Lisbon Shirin Neshat Miami Art Museum, Miami, FL Human Stories - Photographs and paintings from the Essl Collection Ludwig Museum - Museum of Contemporary Art - Budapest, Budapest Veil Institute of International Visual Arts - inIVA, London (England) 2002 Real Life Tate St. Ives, St. Ives, Cornwall (England) Utopie Quotidiane - Luomo e i suoi sogni nellarte dal 1960 ad oggi PAC - Padiglione dArte Contemporanea, Milano Mask or Mirror? A Play of Portraits Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA The NewArt Exhibition Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran Documenta 11 Edition Schellmann, Munich Shirin Neshat - Extase (Rapture, 1999) Museo Guggenheim de Arte Moderno y Contemporáneo, Bilbao Iconos Metropolitanos Núcleo New York XXV Bienal de San Pablo Fundación PROA, Buenos Aires Moving Pictures Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY Documenta 11 Documenta, Kassel Shirin Neshat - Video The Centre for Contemporary Art, Warsaw Photography Transformed The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH Augenblick - Foto/Kunst Sammlung Essl - Kunsthaus, Klosterneuburg Shirin Neshat MUSEO D`ARTE CONTEMPORANEA CASTELLO DI RIVOLI, Turin 2001 Een bonte verzameling, kunst kijken voor kinderen Museum De Paviljoens, Almere Shortcuts Deste Foundation, Centre for Contemporary Art, Athens Shirin Neshat Musée dart contemporain de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec Shirin Neshat Irish Museum of Modern Art - IMMA, Dublin Strategies (2001) MUSEION - Museo d’arte moderna e contemporanea, Bozen Ornament und Abstraktion Foundation Beyeler, Riehen Shirin Neshat - Rapture - Film Installation and Photographs Arizona State University Art Museum, Tempe, AZ New Acquisitions from the Dakis Joannou Collection Deste Foundation, Centre for Contemporary Art, Athens De Tussenstand - Aanwinsten en opdrachten 1995-2000 Museum De Paviljoens, Almere Shirin Neshat Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg A Way with Words - Selections from the Whitney Museum of American Art Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY 2000 Collecting Ideas: Works from the Collection of Polly and Mark Addison Denver Art Museum, Denver, CO Shirin Neshat - Matrix 187: Turbulent Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive BAM/PFA, Berkeley, CA Partage dexotismes / Sharing exoticisms - 5e Biennale de Lyon La biennale dart contemporain de Lyon, Lyon Biennale of Sydney 2000 Biennale of Sydney, Sydney, NSW Shirin Neshat Kunsthalle Wien (Halle 1, Halle 2), Vienna Shirin Neshat - Concentrations 34 Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, TX 1999 Shirin Neshat Malmö Konsthall, Malmö Zeitwenden - Rückblick und Ausblick Kunstmuseum Bonn, Bonn Skin Deste Foundation, Centre for Contemporary Art, Athens Third International Biennial Exhibition - Looking for a place International Biennial Exhibition Site Santa Fe, Santa Fe, NM The Hand The Power Plant, Toronto, Ontario 48th Venice Biennale La Biennale di Venezia, Venice video cult/ures ZKM | Museum für Neue Kunst, Karlsruhe Insite 98 - Mysterious Voyages: Exploring the Subject of Photography Contemporary Museum, Baltimore, Baltimore, MD Unfinished History Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago - MCA Chicago, Chicago, IL 1998 7de Zomer van de Fotografie MuHKA Museum voor Hedendaagse Kunst Antwerpen, Antwerp Echolot oder neun Fragen an die Peripherie Kunsthalle Fridericianum, Kassel Representing galleries 12 China recommended institution F2 Gallery, Beijing Denmark Galleri Faurschou, Copenhagen France Galerie Kamel Mennour, Paris Galerie Jérôme de Noirmont, Paris Germany recommended institution Frank Pages Art Galerie, Baden-Baden Thomas Rehbein Galerie, Cologne Italy Galleria Daniele Ugolini, Florence Marco Noire Contemporary Art, San Sebastiano Po/Torino Portugal Galeria Filomena Soares, Lisbon Spain recommended institution Fabien Fryns Fine Arts, Marbella USA Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York, NY Patrick Painter Inc., Santa Monica, CA Public collections 6 Austria Sammlung Essl - Kunsthaus, Klosterneuburg Denmark ARKEN Museum for Moderne Kunst, Copenhagen Israel Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel-Aviv Japan 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa Spain Musac - Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Castilla y León, Léon Musac - Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Castilla y León, Léon USA Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY